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Chinese Bronzes of the Shang and Zhou Periods
Han Dynasty Bronzes
Early Chinese Ceramics
Sculpture from Tombs
Chinese Buddhist Sculpture
Tang and Liao Dynasty Metalwork
Ceramics of the Song and Jin Periods
Porcelains of the Yuan and Early Ming Periods
Imperial Chinese Ceramics of the 15th Century
Ceramics of the Late Ming Period
Qing Dynasty Porcelain
Landscape Painting in China
Jade and Lacquer in China
Bixie (Mythical Animal)
China; Qing period (1644-1911), late 18th - early 19th century
H. 7 3/4 in. (19.7 cm); L. 12 in. (30.5 cm); W. 7 in. (17.8 cm)
Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd Collection of Asian Art
The large size of this nephrite sculpture of a mythical bixie helps date it to the late 18th or early 19th century. The bixie first appears in Chinese literature as a deerlike creature. In later Chinese art, they are more commonly represented as leonine creatures with the horns and hooves of a deer, as in this jade. The bixie is a benevolent creature, often a guardian or protector. The numerous fractures in the jade are often found in stones that have been quarried. The brown-black stains found in these fractures were applied after the sculpture had been carved in an attempt to simulate natural discoloration. This artificial staining is a type of antiquarianism intended to enhance the value of the piece.
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